Answer: commercialization of sport is the use of sport the make income and profit. This has been a good idea for sport, because it made sports participants to become more serious, with passion so that they can make more money.
Though it has caused some ethical issues, because sport before is just made to entertain people and for fun, now the participants in sport now has the ideology of making income and not to entertain people.
2. Sports has been also corrupted by its role in the world of commerce, because of people who use sports as a bet game. Some business men who use sports to bet now pay an opponent to lose, just to make money, and because the opponent is participating in that sport just to make good profit, he will accept the money to lose. This has lead many sports game to bias result, because it's been bet upon.
3. Sports game has become another commodity, which you can buy and sell. In sports game, football for instance, Cristiano Ronaldo to leave real Madrid to Juventus, because of commercialization, made so many fans of real Madrid move to become fans of Juventus, because of sentiment. Commercialization of sport has brought in sentiment to sports. Players no longer see sports as an area to achieve dream and make name for their country, they now see it as a place to make money, for example in football, Neymar left Barcelona where he was building a good career and making good name for his country, to PSG because of the money being offered to him.
Commercialization of sports has robbed sports it's defining character of carreer achievement and fans entertaining, to become source for income by betting and winning, and for players to make more money.
Answer: positive reinforcement is the process of establishing or encouraging a pattern of behaviour or attitude by offering rewards and recognitions whenever the behaviour is exhibited.
The example of positive reinforcement is; An angler catches a record fish at night and decide to stay out late everyday.
This is a positive reinforcement because a reward was giving to the angler, for exhibiting the attitude of more effort and more time to his work. The reward was the fish he catches and the behavior was staying out late at night everyday. This is a positive reinforcement, because a reward was giving and not a punishment. This reward will make that behaviour to occur more in that person.
Answer: An angler catches a record fish at night and decides to stay out late every day.
Explanation: Positive reinforcement can be defined as the giving of "encouragement" to a person who exhibits a "particular behaviour" with the result that such behaviour is repeated.
As described in the question above, the encouragement can be said to be the record fish caught by the angler. The particular behaviour can be said to be fishing.
Position Analysis Questionnaire
Position Analysis Questionnaire is used by manager to to evaluate compare and collect data about staff jobs responsibility and duties. It is used to compare job characteristics and employer or applicant skills and knowledge regarding jobs duties. It related employer or applicant skills to job requirmnet work.
Answer: option B= Position Analysis Questionnaire.
Position Analysis Questionnaire is one of the job analysis tools used by Human resources (HR) in order to know where exactly or the best place or position employers could work efficiently in order to have high productivity. Job analysis can be through interview or through the use of questionnaires.
Position Analysis Questionnaire is a Questionnaire form of job analysis, that is, set of questions used in the analysis of information concerning specific work.
Answer: when nation's get tired of world economy, the indigenous forms of social organization will not break down to the following. Therefore the answer to the question is "FALSE.
Explanation: when any nation is tired of world economy, the first possible outcome to that nation is going into recession. The social organization are the relationship between individual and it's social group. A social group could be a football club, society of petroleum engineers, Nigerian Bar Association, and many more.
So when nation's become tired of world economy, social organization can not become a nuclear family, it is called social organization, because it is made up of people from different families and background, with it's different individual character.
Impersonality is the absence or negligence of human character towards something, or we can say it's the reduction of human desires towards it's needs. If a nation is tired of world economy and goes into recession, it will not stop individuals of that nation to become less expectant of their desires and satisfaction, they will desire for it and hope to have it some day.
Alienation which is the transfer of ownership, occurs everyday, so it won't be any special case when a nation goes into recession.
They increased the hours of how she is studying because it benefits the studying of 2 hours, and is better of the other marginal and the cost of doing so.
Answer: when parties agree to an accord or satisfaction, the original obligation will be discharged immediately. Therefore the answer is TRUE
An accord and satisfaction is a legal contract whereby two or more parties which has been bond with a former agreement, agrees to discharge a tort claim, contract, or other liability that is bond to their former agreement, for an amount based on terms that differ from the original amount of the contract or claim. Accord and satisfaction helps parties in agreement to adjust it's former agreement, so as to get optimum satisfaction. This can also help them to settle legal claims instead of going to court.
When the two or more parties agreed to an accord and satisfaction, any formers agreement will be discharged, as the accord stands to be the new agreement for the party, and this agreement is been applied immediately, thereby discharging the former agreement immediately.
Answer: The best example of an operant conditioning is option D. Puckering up after tasting a dill pickle.
Explanation: operant conditioning is type of learning in which the desire and the frequency of a behavior depends on the consequences that follows the behavior. Therefore a behaviour that attracts rewarding and beneficial consequences will occur more, than a behaviour that attracts punishment and regrets.
To pucker up after testing a dill pickle means that the dill pickle was favourable and gives a sweet taste. That means a reward was gotten from tasting a dill pickle, this will increase the likelihood of that behaviour to occur, that means the individual will always want to taste a dill pickle.
In this example, Pickering up is the consequences, while tasting a dill pickle is the behavior.
Answer: puckering up after tasting a dill pickle.
Explanation: Operant conditioning in Psychology can be defined as a technique of behavior modification through positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment.
This involves rewarding an individual to increase a particular behaviour and punishing an individual to stop or reduce a behaviour.
Puckering up after tasting a dill pickle can be said to be operant conditioning.
Answer: DEDUCTIVE PROCESS BASED ON TESTABLE AND MEASURABLE EVENTS.
Explanation: Scientific method can be defined as a method of discovering knowledge about the natural world based on making falsifiable predictions (hypotheses), testing them empirically, and developing theories that match known data from repeatable physical experimentation.
Simply put, according to Options B, it is can be paraphrased as, "deductive process based on testable and measurable events".
Answer: The Scientific method is a deductive process based on testable and measurable event.
Therefore the answer is option b
Explanation: The scientific method are those emperical method scientist apply to prove it's test or observation, so as to determine factors and variables involved in an observation, and arrive to a conclusion. A scientist must have a testable and measurable process which lead him to a conclusion. Scientific method believe in experimental method, which does not have the same procedure for all experiment, Science does not have a rigid process. For example, one may decide to use filtration method to purify water, another may decide to use evaporation method to purify water. Which means scientific method for a process change and improve, as science expand.
B. spray the cat every time he begins to claw the sofa
Spraying the cat with water is not liked by a cat as they do not like water. If the cat is sprayed every time he begins to claw the sofa then the cat will make the connection that after doing that particular activity he gets punished.
This is known as punishment when an activity or habit is reduced by the introduction of an undesirable stimulus.
Hence, the question is referring to B. spray the cat every time he begins to claw the sofa.
Answer: spray the cat every time he begins to claw the sofa.
Explanation: Spraying the cat everytime he claws the sofa will make the cat stop the act.
The act of spraying water on the cat can be termed operant conditioning in which negative act are punished.
Spraying water on the cat is seen as punishment. And in operant conditioning, negative behaviours are punished to stop or decrease the behaviour. Over time, the cat will get to know that clawing the sofa is negative and will stop the behaviour.
Geometric optics is the part of Physics responsible for the study of light and the phenomena associated with it, considering that its propagation occurs through light rays.
So it is with astronomy and its elliptical orbits and with mechanics and its vectors. It is also so in the study of the properties and behaviors of light, in the field of physics that we call geometric optics.
1) form values and opinions about a child's behaviour.
2) explain a body of data and make predictions about future behaviour.
3) prove our hunches without having to take the time to engage in collecting data
4) show that a child's behaviour is so complex that it is impossible to predict a child's behaviour.
Answer: EXPLAIN A BODY OF DATA AND MAKE PREDICTIONS ABOUT FUTURE BEHAVIOUR.
Explanation: A theory is a unified statement or set of ideas that explains observed facts or phenomena and correctly predicts new facts or phenomena not previously observed.
Theories are used to make predictions in the sense that ideas in a theory are proven and tested to be correct, in that way, future can be predicted based on a previous similar observation.